The NDFP adopted the following 12-point program to bring about “national liberation and democracy [that] seeks to provide a broad basis of unity for all social classes, sectors, groups and individual Filipinos here and abroad desirous of genuine national freedom and democracy, lasting peace and a progressive Philippines.
The National Democratic Front is committed to the Filipino people’s revolutionary struggle for the completion of the national democratic revolution through people’s war. This national democratic revolution is of a new type because it is led by the working class and has a socialist perspective.
The NDF seeks to promote the unity, cooperation and coordination of all patriotic and progressive classes, sectors and forces in order to fight for national liberation and democracy and overthrow the oppressive and exploitative ruling system. In promoting national unity, the NDF pursues the revolutionary class line in the united front. This requires the activation and strengthening of the working class leadership, the basic worker- peasant alliance, the basic forces of the revolution which include the urban petty bourgeoisie and the positive forces of the revolution. At the moment, the NDF is the formal united front of the organizations of the basic forces of the revolution, i.e., working class, peasantry and urban petty bourgeoisie. The allied organizations within the NDF make agreements among themselves according to the principle of consultations and consensus. They enjoy independence and initiative, with due respect to such relations as may obtain between any of them. In this regard, the New People’s Army is under the absolute leadership of the Communist Party of the Philippines.
The principal way to strengthen the NDF is for all the allied organizations within the NDF fold to strengthen themselves through mass work in their respective spheres. Consequently, the consultative conferences and leading councils of the NDF can have powerful support at various levels. Further on, the leading councils can form staff committees through the executive committees in order to perform important work. The NDF is ever ready and willing to cooperate with all patriotic and progressive forces and individuals that are outside of the NDF in order to broaden and strengthen national unity and advance the national democratic revolution.
The most important responsibilities of the NDF include the promotion of national unity for the revolutionary struggle within and beyond the current composition of the NDF, representations and pronouncements on behalf of the revolutionary forces upon their authorization and paving the way for and supporting the organs of the people’s democratic government at various levels.
The National Democratic Front hereby declares its 12-point Program. We offer it to the Filipino people, to be their guide and rallying point, as they fight for an independent, democratic, just, prosperous and progressive future.
Ours has been a history of long and arduous struggle for national and social liberation. The most glorious pages of our history had been written by the oppressed and exploiting people rising up in arms to defend themselves and fight for their rights against foreign and local oppressors and exploiters.
Ours is an unfinished revolution. Today we continue to be engaged in the task of completing the struggle for national liberation and genuine democracy.
Our forefathers waged hundreds of armed uprisings against the Spanish invasion and colonial rule. The greater part of Mindanao and the Cordilleras were never subdued by the Spanish conquistadores due to the fierce and able resistance of the people. In 1896, the Katipunan launched a national and democratic revolution which became the first anticolonial struggle in Asia to win victory. However, the United State intervened and carried out a war of aggression, starting in 1899, in order to deprive the Filipino people of their national freedom.
The Filipino people valiantly fought against the vastly superior US military force. The United States was able to impose its rule on the whole Philippines by combining barbaric repression to crush the patriotic resistance with a policy of deception and cooptation. The ilustrado leadership, bourgeois liberal in ideology, capitulated to the new colonizer. And the local exploiting classes became the agents of an imperialist master which doled out economic and political favors to them.
The country’s economy was tied to the US through a colonial pattern of production and trade. It served as a source of cheap raw materials and an importer of finished products. This immensely benefited the big compradors and landlords but stunted domestic industrialization and perpetuated a backward agricultural economy. All throughout US colonial rule, the toiling masses of workers and peasants and the patriotic intellectuals voiced their opposition and waged struggles for the realization of their national and democratic aspirations.
The decade of the 1930s saw the emergence of two major organizations that sought to combine the fight for national independence with the struggle for fundamental social change. The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), founded in 1930, led the rapidly growing labor movement. In 1932 the Socialist Party of the Philippines (SPP) was organized and gave the peasant movement new vigor. Calling for national independence, social justice and land reform, the radical workers and the organized peasantry joined hands.
When World War II broke out, these forces rallied and mobilized the people to wage a vigorous guerrilla struggle against the Japanese invaders. The Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap) led by the merged CPP-SPP played a major role in the armed resistance. Because they had armed power, the people were able to set up local resistance governments and carry out land reform.
But, owing to the purely anti-Japanese line taken by the leadership and further misled by the slogan of “peace and democracy”, the revolutionary forces and people were unprepared for—and were thus unable to resist—the violent restoration of the rule of the US imperialists and their landlord-comprador puppets. Consequently, the people lost the armed political power they had won.
The NDFP's general program for national liberation and democracy seeks to provide a broad basis of unity for all social classes, sectors, groups and individual Filipinos here and abroad desirous of genuine national freedom and democracy, lasting peace and a progressive Philippines.
Unite the people for the task of overthrowing the semicolonial and semifeudal system through a people's war and completing the national democratic revolution.
Prepare the way for the establishment of a people's democratic republic and a democratic coalition government.
Strengthen the people's army and a defense system.
Uphold and promote the people's democratic rights.
Terminate all unequal relations with the United States and all other imperialist powers and other foreign entities.
Implement a genuine agrarian reform, program, promote agricultural cooperation, develop rural production and employment through modernization of agricultural and rural industrialization, and ensure agricultural sustainability.
Dismantle the dominance of the US and other imperialists and the big comprador-landlords over the economy, implement a program of national industrialization, and ensure an independent and self-reliant economy.
Implement a comprehensive and progressive social program.
Promote a national and progressive people's culture.
Uphold the rights of the Bangsa Moro and Cordillera peoples and other indigenous peoples to self-determination and democracy.
Advance the revolutionary emancipation of women in all spheres.
Adopt an active, independent and peaceful foreign policy.
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