Reply to Duterte’s threat to kill me

By Prof. Jose Maria Sison
NDFP Chief Political Consultant

Duterte: I’ll kill Sison if talks fail anew and he comes home »

File photos of communist leader Jose Maria Sison (from and President Rodrigo Duterte (from Malacanang) INTERAKSYON COMBO IMAGE

PRRD has repeated so many times the threat to kill me that sometimes I surmise that the expression ¨kill¨ has actually become a term of endearment, as in some American comedies. I will not reply to PRRD in any hostile manner, unless he actually wrecks the work already done by the negotiating panels to prepare the resumption of formal peace talks. It seems to me that in using strong words he is eager to resume the peace negotiations rather than to block them.

It is best that PRRD and I allow and encourage the GRP and NDFP Negotiating Panels to continue preparing for the resumption of formal talks and make substantial progress as soon as possible. I have reason to be optimistic on the basis of the hard and productive work that the panels have already done in the form of back channel consultations, consensus building and bilateral drafting, unless the Duterte regime is once more backtracking.

Threat of nationwide martial law persists

By Jose Maria Sison | NDFP Chief Political Consultant
May 24, 2018

Within the so-called Constitutional Commission, there is the drive of certain pro-Duterte elements headed by a retired general to draw up a a draft federal charter that makes easier the declaration of martial law by citing ¨lawless violence¨ or ¨a series of offensives by the New People´s Army¨ as the basis for the declaration of martial law.

Said drive of the pro-Duterte elements is an indication that the threat of martial rule, being declared before or after the charter change, continues to exist and does not augur well for the resumption and success of GRP-NDFP peace negotiations while Duterte is the president.

Instead of trying to scapegoat the NPA and make it the pretext for martial law declaration, state terrorism and fascist dictatorship, the Duterte regime should let the GRP-NDFP peace negotiations to succeed in addressing the roots of the armed conflict and laying the ground for a just and lasting peace through comprehensive agreements on social, economic and political reforms.

NDFP Warmly Congratulates the Venezuelan People and President Nicolas Maduro for the Victorious Presidential Election

The Natonal Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) warmly congratulates the Venezuelan people and President Nicolas Maduro for the victorious presidential election. The Filipino people greet the successful re-election of President Maduro with a very high 68 % of the total votes for the Frente Amplia de la Patria, whose official candidate was President Maduro. The total number of voters was 9.2 million, of which 6.711.110 voted for the Frente Amplia de la Patria.

Opposition candidates, Henry Falcon of the Avanzada Progresista got 20.2 % and Evangelical Pastor Jvier Bertucci of the Movement Hope for Change got 10.4%.
The bulk of the opposition called for a boycott and abstention, following the Trump regime and the Cartel of Lima headed by Argentina, Brazil and Colombia.

Despite the acts of sabotage and dire threats of military intervention by the Trump regime, the Venezuelan people exercised their sovereign right to elect President Nicolas Maduro.

The Frente Amplia de la Patria and President Nicolas Maduro are determined to persist in their pro-people programs, providing food, health, education and housing to millions of Venezuelans. They resolutely undertake effective economic programs to counter the sabotage actions of the U.S. imperialist regime of Trump and its cohorts among the governments of Colombia, Brazil and Argentina, among others.

The National Democratic Front of the Philippines reiterates its firm solidarity with the heroic Venezuelan people and President Nicolas Maduro.

Long live the revolutionary legacy and inspiration of Simon Bolivar and Hugo Chavez Frias!

Long live President Nicolas Maduro and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela!

Luis G. Jalandoni
Member, National Executive Committee
Chief International Representative
National Democratic Front of the Philippines

Duterte “Noynoying” over US and China saber-rattling

Information Bureau | Communist Party of the Philippines

May 21, 2018

The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) condemns the Duterte regime for publicly acting indifferent amid the intensified saber-rattling of the US and China which raises military tensions and increases possibility of dragging the Philippines into the middle of superpower armed conflict.

Duterte is guilty of at least two counts of “Noynoying” recently which amounted to outright acts of surrendering Philippine national sovereignty. First, he allowed at least 3,000 US soldiers, warships, jetfighters, drones and other military equipment to conduct war games in Philippine territory in the recent US-RP Balikatan exercises in direct violation and contempt of Philippine sovereignty. In the name of “interoperability”, the US military makes use of the AFP as pawns in US strategy of building and projecting military strength in the South China Sea to control the trade routes and encircle China.

Fearing the US will stop providing military aid to his Oplan Kapayapaan and martial law campaign of suppression, Duterte has made no moves to end the unequal military treaties with the US including the Mutual Defense Treaty (MDT), the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) and the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement (EDCA) which all give the US military extra-territorial rights, allow it to maintain permanent military presence in the country, intervene in local domestic affairs and make use of the Philippines as a military foothold to mount acts of aggression in Asia and other regions.

Meanwhile, Duterte has refused to raise even a whimper against China’s deployment of H-6K bomber planes which conducted exercises and simulated strikes in the airspace in and around the Spratly Islands. This is his second recent act of “Noynoying.” He has turned a blind eye to China’s outright incursions in Philippine territories claiming fears of “inviting trouble”. He has allowed China to trample on Philippine national sovereignty by his failure to act against China’s construction of runways, hangars, ports and other military facilities in areas within Philippine territorial waters. He is mortally afraid of losing all the billions of dollars of promised China investments in the country which he uses to bribe corrupt politicians and government officials to ensure their loyalty.

The CPP reiterates its protests against US and China saber-rattling and militarization over the South China Sea and the Philippines. Defense of Philippine national sovereignty entails that the Filipino people demand an end to US military presence in the country and a stop to Chinese military build-up in the South China Sea and waters within the Philippine exclusive economic zone.

The CPP denounces the hypocrisy of the US government over the statement by the US State Department criticizing China for “continued militarization” of the South China Sea. The US imperialists, are in fact, at least equally liable if not more guilty for militarizing the South China Sea where it has continuously deployed its armada of aircraft carriers and littoral ships, where it flies military drones non-stop and so on.

Without actually defending and promoting Philippine national sovereignty, Duterte’s declarations of an “independent foreign policy” are mere rhetoric. The Filipino people demand a genuine independent foreign policy which calls for actively asserting peaceful co-existence and non-alignment–from China or the US. On the one hand, the Filipino people call for the dismantling of all military structures erected by China in the Spratly Islands.

More importantly, the Filipino people demand an end to all military treaties with the US, for all US military troops and advisers to leave the country and for all US military facilities to be dismantled. As long as the US military enjoys extra-territorial rights in the country, the Philippines cannot claim non-alignment. The presence of US military forces in the Philippines serve as magnet that continuously attracts attacks by US adversaries and drags the country to US imperialist conflicts.


NDFP Conveys Heartfelt Condolences to the Cuban People and Government on the Tragic Airplane Crash

The National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) conveys its heartfelt condolences to the Cuban people and government on the tragic airplane crash that has caused the death of more than 110 passengers and crew and the serious injury to several others.

We express our support and sympathy to the families, relatives and friends of those who perished and those who survived with serious injuries. We wish the injured a speedy recovery.

We convey our strong solidarity to the Cuban people and government in this period of deep mourning. The Filipino people join the numerous forces in Latin America, the Caribbean Community, and other parts of the world in expressing our solidarity with the Cuban people and government for their immense contributions to the worldwide struggle for independence, sovereignty, development and peace based on justice.

Luis G. Jalandoni
Member, National Executive Committee
Chief International Representative
National Democratic Front of the Philippines

ILPS condemns massacre of Palestinians by Israel

Issued by the Office of the Chairperson Jose Maria Sison
International League of Peoples’ Struggle
May 18, 2018

We, the International League of Peoples’ Struggle (ILPS) condemn in the strongest terms the cold-blooded massacre of unarmed Palestinian protesters by Israeli soldiers on March 14 in Gaza in the run up to the 70th anniversary of the Nakba (Catastrophe) on March 15, the day the state of Israel was established in 1948 forcing around 750,000 Palestinians from their homes.

This latest massacre of Palestinians by Israeli soldiers killed 60 and wounded 2,000 others. One of the casualties was an eight-month-old baby girl, Laila Anwar al-Ghandor. Israeli snipers were shooting with live bullets at the protesters including at children, women, journalists and paramedics.

While the carnage was going on, Donald Trump’s daughter, Ivanka, was celebrating with Benjamin Netanyahu the inauguration of the US embassy in Jerusalem. Only the representatives of 28 US client states attended the inauguration. When Trump announced on December 6, 2017 the US decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and to relocate the US embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv, 128 countries voted for a United Nations General Assembly resolution condemning such decision.

Jerusalem is considered as Occupied Territory with West Jerusalem being seized by Israel in 1948 and East Jerusalem in the 1967 “Six-Day War”. Israel’s declaration of sovereignty over the whole of Jerusalem in 1980 has never been recognized internationally. All countries currently maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv. Under international law, it is a criminal offence to “make permanent changes” on “territory acquired by force”.

The Palestinians have been demonstrating over the past six weeks in Gaza in what they call the “Great Return March” to highlight their demand to be allowed to return to their historic homes, including those in Jerusalem. Some 70% of Gaza’s population are descendants of refugees who were driven out of their homes when Israel was created in 1948 and later in the 1967 War.

We call on all freedom-loving people of the world to condemn this latest atrocity committed against the Palestinian people and support the just struggle of the Palestinian people against the barbaric Israeli occupation and for national and social liberation.

We fully support the right of return for Palestinian refugees which right has been reaffirmed by the United Nations (UN) from 1948 onwards through various UN General Assembly resolutions.

We condemn the most recent massacre and brutal dispersal of peaceful Palestinian protesters by the Israeli armed forces. We condemn the continuing support of the US and other western governments for the Zionist Israeli government with its continuing illegal occupation and reign of terror against the Palestinian people. ###

The Bangsamoro and the people of Mindanao continue suffer under grievous conditions

Press Statement | 18 May 2018

A year after the declaration of Martial Law and the Marawi Seige:

The NDFP-Mindanao stands alongside the Bangsamoro, the Lumad and the people of Mindanao and the country in condemning the atrocities of the US-Duterte regime’s martial rule since its imposition on May 23, 2017, which stemmed from the AFP’s failed attempt to “capture Abu Sayyaf leader Isnilon Hapilon.”

As if on cue, Duterte, who was then in Russia, used this failure as a trigger to order the AFP’s brutal seige of Marawi City, but this time, in order to fully justify the ferocity of its attack, played on the so-called “Maute-ISIS” threat as a pretext.

Duterte’s martial law covered not just Marawi but the entire Mindanao island, giving the AFP/PNP full license and control in containing and engaging against whomever the reacrionary state considers as “terrorist threats.”

What followed overwhelmed Marawi City with five full months of relentless ground attacks, successive aerial bombing using the latest bombers, jet fighters, attack helicopters and surveillance and combat drones, artillery fire from cannons and mortars as well as from armored tanks that virtually devastated the greater part of the city, obliterating business centers, residential houses and even mosques.

Despite the AFP’s scheme to hide the truth, over a thousand civilians were killed due to the indiscriminate firing and bombardments of state security forces, definitely much more than the ones whom the AFP claimed to have been “killed” by “ISIS terrorist” elements.

This also resulted in one of the most massive evacuations in the country in recent history, where almost half a million were forcibly made to flee from their homes and livelihood to look for safety. The evacuees were then made to suffer hunger, humiliation and mental anguish in poorly supported evacuation centers for months on end, driving not a few civilians to depression and even near insanity.

Outside of Marawi City, the main highways that traverse the entirety of Mindanao became literally riddled with AFP/PNP checkpoints that hassled and harassed motorists and passangers, forcing each individual to write their names and other vital information on logbooks. This virtually created an atmosphere of fear and intimidation for the general populace in Mindanao.

While AFP/PNP forces desperately showed that the martial law in Mindanao is “unlike” the martial law during the Marcos dictatorship, they could not hide the truth however that state terrorism was at its most vicious and grievous in many hinterland communities in the island.

Under martial law, the AFP’s Oplan Kapayapaan unleashed vile military operations in all regions in Mindanao that made full use of aerial bombardments and artillery fire to satisfy Duterte’s order to “flatten the hills.” In Mindnao, apart from Marine and Air Force units , over 51 army maneuvre battallions are deployed, which accounts, all in all, for more or less 72% of the entire AFP combat-effective forces in coutnry.

Consequently, AFP/PNP/CAFGU/paramilitary forces committed unspeakable human rights violations, such as extra-judicial killings, indiscriminate firing, prohibiting or limiting the masses of peasants from attending to their farms and other vile acts.

Apart from Marawi City, hundreds of thousands from various other Lumad, Bangsamoro and peasant communities in the island were forced to evacuate without any certainty of support.

Among the Maranao evacuees, despite repeated promises made by the US-Duterte regime (through the “Task Force Bangon Marawi”) to bring them back to their homes fully rehabilitated, they continue to be kept in make-shift tent cities in the outskirts of Marawi City.

Clearly, the AFP is lying through its teeth when it says that “80% of the evacuees have gone back to their homes” because no significant rehabilitation whatsoever that truly serves the interests of the residents has commenced, and, as things are, nor will there ever be in the near future. The leaders of the people in Marawi were not consulted on the much-needed rehabilitation of Marawi City, much less on how to bring their livelihhod back; and they continue to be denied of this opportunity even at this time.

Clearly, the so called “rehabilitation” planned out by the fascist US-Duterte regime is only intended to serve the profit-hungry interests of capitalists who have initially invested in the Marawi seige to secure for them profitable business ventures; and at the same time to secure new military bases for the AFP as well as for the US Armed Forces in the implementation of Operation Pacific Eagle.

Protest marches were organized this year to petition the reactionary government to allow the evacuees to return to and reclaim their homes, but, much to their dismay, they were blocked & threatened by the elements of the AFP and the PNP, offering the excuse that “clearing operations were still on-going.” One particular protest march mobilized nearly 50 thousand Moro and non-Moro Marawi residents and sympathizers who asserted that they be allowed to return home and enter “ground zero.” But, the petition of the Bangsmaoro leaders and protesters was only scorned and frowned upon.

Series of protests have also been mounted across Mindanao and the rest of the country to condemn the atrocities of martial law at the same time calling for its immediate lifting. But, instead of heeding the call of the people, the US-Duterte regime even extended martial law until the end of 2018, further widening the scope of its basis as to maliciously include the CPP and the NPA in its terror tag.

Thus, the NDFP in Mindanao calls upon the people of Mindanao and the rest of the country to unite and launch protests this month to press the US-Duterte regime to bring the people of Marawi back to their homes and fully restore their livelihood, and bring forth a resounding call to put an end to the death and destruction of Duterte’s highly repressive martial law.###

Ka Joaquin Jacinto

BHB-NCMR Responds to Sabotage of the Resumption of the GRP-NDFP Talks with Military Actions

May 17, 2018 | Press Statement | Bisaya»

An NPA force under the Western Agusan del Norte – Agusan del Sur (WANAS) Subregional Command harassed last May 15 the troops of the Philippine National Police – Regional Public Safety Battalion PNP-RPSB in launching combat operations in the mountainous part of Sitio Lamusig, Brgy. Tungao, Butuan City. A police official was reported to have been wounded. This incident was followed by an NPA attack of a police station in Brgy. San Mateo of the same city. Five PNP personnel were confirmed killed and other PNP casualties await to be reported.

At 3:23 o’clock in the morning on May 14, a unit under NPA-WANAS attacked a CAFGU detachment in Brgy. Sinakungan, Esperanza, Agusan del Sur. The siege lasted for several hours but to no avail. NPA-WANAS operatives confirmed the martyrhood of two Red fighters namely, Ka Bagani and Ka Marjon. The NPA-NCMR thus offers the highest honors in salute to the fallen comrades.

For three days on May 7, 8, and 10, the NPA-South Central Bukidnon Subregional Command has launched counter-attacks against a unit of chopper-dropped Scout Rangers (SR) on combat operations into the town boundary betweem Cabanglasan and San Fernando in Bukidnon. Four Rangers succumbed as KIA during the said operation. Instead of “facilitating in the barangay polls” as part of the mandate of the regime’s armed forces, they turn out to be sustaining also their operations against the revolutionary movement.

Since January of this year, the AFP and PNP have intensified their operations wherein 20 incidents of armed clashes occurred between the NPA and the US-Duterte government-backed troopers. As part of the active defense on its guerilla bases, the NPA-NCMR has suffered a total of 7 killed-in-action (KIA), scores of wounded-in-action (WIA) and two caught as hors-de-combat. On the other hand, the AFP and the PNP had 15 of them killed and scores also were their wounded casualties.

The NPA-NCMR condemns the US-Rodrigo Duterte regime its loyal minions in the AFP, PNP and other state-directed armed elements for launching a sustained military operations in the region, even during the barrio polls and during traditional or religious activities of the populace. Let it be remembered that they, during the Holy Week, attacked and bombed with howitzers the mountainous communities of Bukidnon ug Misamis Oriental.

Yet despite the sustained attacks the reactionary troops have wreaked upon the region, the NPA-NCMR is still affirms its support to the initiatives of the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) regarding the resumption of the peace negotiations and the possible interim ceasefire declaration possibly by June. In this light, the NPA in general is showing sincerity and deference in abiding the agreements hereby forged as the GRP-NDFP resumes their negotiations.

The NPA-NCMR is ever ready as the state intensifies its attacks against the revolutionary movement and the people. It strengthens the revolutionary ranks, be it with their military or political tasks at hand, in order to foil any scheme that the state plots against the people’s interests here in the region.

Ka Malem Mabini

Mayo 22, 2018 | Sulat Pamahayag

Mga Aksyong Militar sa BHB-NCMR, Tubag sa Pagpanabotahe sa Umalabot nga Hisgutanang Pangkalinaw tali sa GRP ug NDFP

Giharas sa mga pwersa sa Bagong Hukbong Bayan – Western Agusan del Norte – Agusan del Sur (WANAS) Subregional Command kaniadtong Mayo 15 ang mga sakop sa Philippine National Police – Regional Public Safety Batallion (PNP-RPSB) nga nagpahigayon og combat operations sa Sitio Lamusig, Brgy. Tungao, Butuan City. Nakumpirmang naangol ang usa ka opisyal sa kapulisan. Gisundan kini sa lain pang atake sa usa ka police station sa Brgy. San Mateo, sa susamang syudad. Kumpirmado ang lima ang namatay sa han-ay sa PNP samtang ginasusi pa ang uban nilang kaswalti.

Mayo 14; alas 3:23 sa kaadlawon, giatake sa yunit sa BHB-WANAS ang CAFGU detachment sa Brgy. Sinakungan, Esperanza, Agusan del Sur. Mikabat og pipila ka oras ang panagbayloay sa bala. Apan, wala kini na-kontrol sa mga operatiba sa WANAS ug nakumpirmang na-martir ang duha ka Pulang manggugubat nga silang Ka Bagani ug Ka Marjon. Busa, ginahatag sa Bagong Hukbong Bayan – North Central Mindanao Region (BHB-NCMR) ang pinakataas nga pagsaludo sa kaubang namartir.

Mayo 7, 8, ug 10. Tulo ka adlaw nga nakasangka sa yunit sa BHB-South Central Bukidnon Subregional Command ang gipanghatod sa helikopter nga mga Scout Rangers didto sa utlanan sa kabukiran sa Cabanglasan ug San Fernando, Bukidnon. Nakahiagom og upat ka Killed-in-Action (KIA) ang maong nag-operasyon nga mga tropa. Inay, dili lamang “pagbantay sa eleksyon” sa barangay ang nahimong mandato sa armadong kusog sa rehimen, kundili ang pagpasubsob sab sa ilang sustinidong operasyon batok sa rebolusyonaryong kalihukan.

Sukad Enero niining tuiga, subsob ang gipahigayong kombat operasyon sa AFP/PNP diin mikabat na og kapin 20 ka panagsangka ang nahitabo tali sa mga BHB-NCMR ug sa armadong kusog sa gobyernong US-Duterte. Sa aktibong pagdepensa sa iyang base, nakatala ang BHB-NCMR og kinatibuk-ang 7 ka killed-in-action (KIA), pipila ka mga wounded-in-action (WIA) ug duha usab ang nadakpan (hors-de-combat). Sa pikas bahin, nakaangkon ang AFP ug PNP og dili moubos sa 15 ka KIA ug ubay-ubay sab ang ilang samaron.

Ginakundena sa Bagong Hukbong Bayan sa North Central Mindanao Region (BHB-NCMR) ang rehimeng US-Rodrigo Duterte ug mga matinumanong sulugoon niining Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), Philippine National Police (PNP) ug uban pang armadong pundok nga giderehean sa estado sa sustinido niining paglunsad og operasyong militar sa rehiyon, bisan pa man sa panahon sa Barangay Elections ug tradisyunal o relihiyosong aktibidad sa katawhan. Kahinumdoman nga nangatake ug nanganyon niadtong panahon mismo sa Semana Santa sa bukirang mga komunidad sa Bukidnon ug Misamis Oriental.

Taliwala paman sa sustinidong pagpangatake sa reaksyunaryong sundalo sa rehiyon, giila pa gihapon sa BHB-NCMR nga angayang suportahan ang mga inisyatiba sa National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) kabahin sa panaghisgot pangkalinaw ug sa posibleng pagdeklara og interim ceasefire nga posible karong umaabot nga Hunyo. Niini, ginapakita sa BHB sa kinatibuk-an ang iyang kasinsero ug kamatinahuron sa pagtamod sa mamahimong mga kasabutan alang sa pagpadayon sa panaghisgot pangkalinaw tali NDFP sa ug GRP.

Andam sa kanunay ang NPA-NCMR sa mamahimong paggrabe pa sa pagpangatake sa estado sa rebolusyonaryong kalihukan ug katawhan. Labaw pa niining gipalig-on ang rebolusyonaryong han-ay, sa militar man nga tahas niini o sa pulitika, aron mapakyas ang unsamang laraw sa estado batok sa interes sa katawhan sa rehiyon.

Ka Malem Mabini

The Filipino People Firmly Support the Venezuelan People and President Nicolas Maduro in the Upcoming Presidential Election

The Filipino people firmly support the heroic Venezuelan people and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela led by President Nicolas Maduro in the upcoming presidential election. The National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) stands in solidarity with President Nicolas Maduro as the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela again organizes a presidential election as another powerful example of the Venezuelan people’s exercise of their inalienable right to choose their rightful leader.

We vigorously condemn the US imperialist Trump regime for its flagrant violations of the sovereignty and independence of the Venezuelan people and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

The Trump regime’s economic sanctions against Venezuela and threats of military intervention are utterly condemnable. The cohorts of US imperialism are likewise to be condemned. These imperialist cohorts among reactionary government leaders do not respect the fundamental rights of the Venzuelan people who are determined to exercise their right to democracy, peace, sovereignty and independence.

The Venezuelan people are deeply aware of the many programs initiated and implemented by the beloved Comandante Hugo Chavez Frias and firmly executed by Presidente Maduro for the benefit of the Venezuelan people. The Venezuelan government has built more than two million homes for the poor. It has an effective program to provide food at low cost. It provides free education and medical care. These and other benefits are deeply appreciated by the Venezuelan people who give their enthusiastic support for President Nicolas Maduro.

The indelible spirit of the Great Liberator Simon Bolivar and the undying legacy of Comandante Hugo Chavez continue to inspire the Venezuelan people. “Chavez vive! La lucha sigue!” “Chavez no murio, se multiplico!” All throughout Venezuela, in the many communes, among the workers, the peasants, the indigenous people, the entire Venezuelan people stand firmly in support of President Nicolas Maduro and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Long Live the heroic Venezuelan people!
Long live the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela!

Luis G. Jalandoni
Member, National Executive Committee
Chief International Representative
National Democratic Front of the Philippines

Release Zaldy Cañete expeditiously like NPA releases its prisoners-of-war

The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) demands the Duterte regime and its Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) to accord humane treatment to and expeditiously release wounded New People’s Army Red fighter Zaldy Cañete in the same way that the NPA considers captured soldiers as prisoners-of-war to be treated leniently and prompty released.

Cañete was captured last May 12 after police and military operatives placed him under arrest while he was in the Intensive Care Unit in a hospital in Don Carlos, Bukidnon. He was recovering from a brain surgery to treat a bullet injury he sustained in a firefight last May 10 in Kitaotao town. He was under the watch of his family and hospital doctors.

Cañete must be expeditiously released by the Duterte regime by force of its obligations under the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (CARHRIHL) which stipulate that persons deprived of their liberty for reasons related to the armed conflict shall be considered for safe release on humanitarian or other grounds.

The release of captured combatants involved in an armed conflict is a humanitarian exercise practiced since World War II and enshrined in the Geneva Conventions, and which the NPA strictly observes.